Here is how to make a Day of the Dead ofrenda!
An ofrenda (offering) is an altar filled with items dedicated to a loved one who has passed on. It’s an essential component of any Dia de los Muertos celebration. Built to honor specific family members, they can be large and elaborate or small and personal. Ofrendas are one of the most important and meaningful symbols of the holiday.
I’ve seen friends plan their ofrenda design for weeks! But I also have friends who build them in minutes. Some take up an entire room, others are a simple painted matchbox. The spirit is to let your heart be your guide. Think about the reason you’re making the ofrenda – the person or the message. Tell a story the shows the personality of the person who you are making it for.
Families often spend weeks creating these altars, and sometimes even hire professionals! Because it is believed that the souls of their family members return on this holiday, those celebrating want to make sure they are delighted after their long and difficult journey!
History of the Ofrenda
Creating home ofrendas dates back to the Aztec times. People included offerings representing all elements: Wind, earth, fire, and water, to honor the dead and encourage their return.2 Since then, they have evolved to the multi-tired, colorful collection we see today.
Essential Offerings for the Ofrenda
Ofrendas are used to honor the dead, so they are a wonderful opportunity for strangers to learn a little bit about them. When creating an ofrenda, those celebrating always have a specific loved one in mind. There is lots of thought that goes into creating the perfect ofrenda.
Many of them contain multiple extravagant tiers. This is done to please their deceased loved ones and to make them happy for returning. For the most part, the ofrenda tiers follow a similar pattern:
The Bottom Tier is the most practical. This is filled with candles, to light the way, and water so that the dead can refresh themselves. This tier might also include a basin for washing, and a mirror so that the dead might see themselves upon returning. For the candles, you can decorate them with pictures and embellishments.
The Second Tier is used for foods and favorite items. This tier is for helping the dead feel more at home and welcoming them after their long journey. Tamales and mole, sugarcane, fruit, and liquor are all included on this tier. I make an ofrtenda for my dad every year. I always include a cup of coffee, a pack of cigarettes and some of the watches he built.
The Top Tier is used to identify the person for whom the ofrenda was created. Photos of the person when they were alive sit on the top tier along with images of various saints and other religious items. I like to make elaborate picture frames for this part!
Some of the most common ofrenda essentials include:
Photographs of the deceased loved one are a very important component of the ofrenda. They identify the person for whom it was created, and encourage their return. Lots of pictures really brings it to life!
Bread and Other Foods:
Food placed at the ofrenda varies significantly, depending on the person it was created for. The deceased’s favorites most commonly sit at the altar, along with foods associated with Day of the Dead, like pan de Muerto, sugar skulls, and pan dulce.
Religious Statues and Symbols:
Catholic and religious symbols are commonly used throughout Day of the Dead and placed at the ofrendas. The cross, photos of saints, and angels are routinely included in ofrendas.
Toys and Alcohol:
Depending on the person who died, and their age, certain objects are included in the ofrenda to help the dead feel more at home. Favorite toys are offered for children who have passed away, and alcohol and cigarettes are for adults who enjoyed them while still alive.
Flowers, most notably marigolds, are another essential element in the ofrenda. It is believed that the floral scent is especially enticing to the dead, and marigolds are used to represent the fragility of life. The vibrant color is also believed to attract the spirits to the ofrendas.
Water is one of the most common elements included in almost every ofrenda. It quenches the thirst of the spirits and refreshes the dead after their long journey back home!
Thank you for reading this article, I hope it helps you learn how to make a Day of the Dead ofrenda!